Practical Nurse Course

PROFESSIONAL

 

PERFORMS TECHNICAL TASK

 

GATHER DATA

 

Practical Nurse Course

  


The Practical Nurse course is an entry level to nursing. Practical nurses provide direct care to persons of all ages through positions in long term care, medical clinics and home health agencies. Upon completion of this program the student will be eligible to sit for the NCLEX -PN licensing exam.


PRE-REQUISITES  


Completion of Nursing Assistant training and obtainment of CNA registration


Practical Nurses provide basic medical care, including:


· Monitoring a patient’s health by checking vital signs

· Administering wound care and inserting catheters

· Providing for the basic comfort of patients, such as helping them bathe or dress

· Reporting a patient’s medical status to the registered nurse and/or physician

· Maintaining patient health records

· Collecting specimens


Practical Nurse graduates provide care to their patients in a variety of healthcare environments, including physicians’ offices, clinics, nursing homes, assisted living facilities, rehabilitation centers, and home healthcare settings.


The PN program is divided into 6 classes.

PN 1

PN 2

PN 3

PN 4

PN 5

PN 6 SKILLS LAB


CLASS BREAKDOWN

   

PN I: classroom -  45 hours skills lab – 10 hours


 This course will introduce the students to nursing. History of nursing will be reviewed. Concepts of communication, caring, diversity, ethics, medical legality will be included. Concepts in safety and infection control are included. Written formats for nursing documentation will include understanding of written medical histories, nursing process, and nursing documentation. Skills lab will be utilized for review of basic nursing skills.


Pharmacology: classroom – 30 hours skill lab – 12 hours


 This course will begin with methods to determine medication dosages. Review of needed concepts in algebra, use of fractions and metric system are included. The process for drug approval in the US will include naming convention, FDA process and legal issues specific to medications. A general understanding of the interaction of medications and body functioning will be covered. Skills for providing medications to a person will be covered including oral, rectal, injectable and topical medications. Skills will also include the methods for giving medications to persons throughout the life span.

Specific medications used for medical conditions will be covered in PN 2, 3, and 4


PN 2a:  Classroom – 60 hours 


 This course will cover the human body systems of cardiac, respiratory and neurological. The course includes review of the anatomy and physiology of the systems with a survey of the acute and chronic medical concerns which are commonly found. The medical concerns will cover the life span.


PN 2b: skill lab – 12 hours  Clinical – 45 hours


 In the clinical setting the student will utilize knowledge to provide care for persons with medical concerns. Emphases will be on the system studied and the provision of treatments and medications. Skills lab provides the student with practicing specific treatments needed by persons with the medical concerns studied. 


PN 3a: classroom – 60 hours


 This course will cover the human body systems of digestion, urinary, endocrine, skin. The course includes review of the anatomy and physiology of the systems with a survey of the acute and chronic medical concerns which are commonly found. The medical concerns will cover the life span.


PN 3b: skill lab – 12 hours Clinical – 45 hours


 In the clinical setting the student will utilize knowledge to provide care for persons with medical concerns. Emphases will be on the systems studied and the provision of treatments and medications. Skill lab provides the student with practicing specific treatments needed by persons with the medical concerns studied.


PN 4a: classroom – 45 hours


 This course will cover the reproductive system and behavioral health. Normal pregnancy and health concerns during pregnancy will be included as well as neonate health concerns.

The Behavioral health component will survey psychological health concerns throughout the life span.


PN 4b: skill lab -  Clinical – 30 hours


 In the clinical setting the student will utilize knowledge to provide care for persons with medical concerns. Emphases will be on the systems studied and the provision of treatments and medications. Skill lab provides the student with practicing specific treatments needed by the persons with the medical concerns studied.


PN 5  Clinical – 75 hours


 This intensive clinical time when a student works alongside a preceptor in a clinical setting. The student will experience actual work hours with the need to have personal responsibility in the work setting, provide persons with needed nursing care and completion of all necessary documentation for those whom the student cares for.


PN 6 Clinical/skill time estimations


PN 1 skills


-review of all CNA skills  4 - 5 hours

-vital sign assessments 1 hour

-communication skill practice 1 hour

-written documentation practice 1 hour

-infection control skills 1 hour


Pharmacology


-providing oral medication

Adults

Children

Elders

-providing injectable medications

Intradermal

Subcutaneous

Intramuscular

-providing medications by alternative routes

Inhalation (handheld and nebulizer)

Topical (patches, creams/ointments)

Ophthalmic

Ears

Rectal

Sublingual


PN 2 skills


-listening to respiratory sounds

-checking various pulse points

-BP on alternative sites

-brief neurological assessment 

Clinical: long term care, home health settings


PN 3 skills


-urinary catheterization

-feeding tubes

-diabetic testing (glucometer)

-wound care

Clinical: long term care, wound clinic, home health


PN 4 clinical: behavioral health clinic, prenatal clinic, pediatric clinic (newborns), 


PN 5 clinical: all settings that support PNs such as long term care, medical clinics, home health agencies